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An ophthalmologist is a physician that specializes in the eye health and eye care.. They provide total eye care including vision services, medical surgical eye care, diagnosing and treating eye diseases and visual complications. 

Education: Four years of college, 4 years of medical school and four to five years of additional specialized training. 

Average Salary: $130,000-$370,000.

Projected 10 year job growth 9% between 2021-2031.



An Optometrist performs comprehensive eye and vision testing, diagnosing myopia, astigmatism, glaucoma and fitting glasses and contact lenses.

They can prescribe many common treatments for correcting your vision. 

Education: An optometrist does not take as long as an ophthalmologist. It does take a minimum of 7-8 years, 3-4 years of undergraduate and 4-year optometry program. 

Average Salary: $90,000-$170,000.

Projected 10 year job growth 7% between 2021-2031.

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